Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is what is called ADHD. A brain disorder is responsible for impulsivity, inattention and hyperactivity in people. ADHD sufferers have the three and they occur often, are severe and lower the quality of how they operate socially, in school and work.
Researchers are not sure what causes ADHD but alcohol and drug abuse during pregnancy, environmental toxins in pregnancy such as lead, birth weight, brain injuries, genes and smoking cigarette are known to contribute.
Males have it more than females. Females who have ADHD tend to have problems with inattention. You will see learning disabilities, problems with abuse of substances, depression and anxiety disorder in adults with ADHD.
Those who have symptoms of inattention do make careless mistakes in schoolwork, work and they miss details in other activities. They have difficulty sustaining attention in tasks, conversations, and reading. People who have hyperactivity and impulsivity may fidget and squirm, run or dash, often feel restless, unable to be quiet and are constantly moving. In social settings they talk nonstop, finish other people’s sentences, speak when it is not their turn in the conversation.
ADHD symptoms appear from childhood, adolescent and then go on to adulthood. Symptoms of ADHD are emotional and also disciplinary problems. Quiet and behaved children can miss a diagnosis. Time and age affect ADHD symptoms. Diagnosis of ADHD is done by a psychologist, pediatrician, or psychiatrist who has experience with ADHD. The symptoms should be long-lasting and interfere with the functioning of people for one to be said to have ADHD.There is reduced hyperactivity and less impulsivity after medication.The medicines improve patient’s ability to focus, physical coordination, to work, and to learn. Doctors give stimulants to patients. Brain chemicals such as norepinephrine and dopamine, which help in attention and thinking are increased with medication.
Another option is for non-stimulants.
The stimulant and the non-stimulant can be used in one go. Antidepressants may be used to treat the symptoms of ADHD.
Psychotherapy is sometimes used for ADHD.
Patients and their families cope easily after psychotherapy. To change behavior use behavioral therapy. Meditation along with mindfulness techniques are part of cognitive behavioral therapy. Adults learns how to accept their thoughts and feelings after these techniques. This helps them to improve concentration and their focus. Therapists encourage people with ADHD to adapt to life changes that is thinking before acting.
Therapists encourage them to resist taking unnecessary risks that can be harmful.Parents, family and teachers can give feedback for their behaviors. Rules for chores and routines that help one control their behavior help them get organized.